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But the Catholic share of the Hispanic population is declining, while rising numbers of Hispanics are Protestant or unaffiliated with any religion. Together, these trends suggest that some religious polarization is taking place in the Hispanic community, with the shrinking majority of Hispanic Catholics holding the middle ground between two growing groups evangelical Protestants and the unaffiliated that are at opposite ends of the U.
The share of Hispanics who are Catholic likely has been in decline for at least the last few decades. Some have become born-again or evangelical Protestants, a group that exhibits very high levels of religious commitment.
On average, Hispanic The four major groups of hispanics — many of whom also identify as either Pentecostal or charismatic Protestants — not only report higher rates of church attendance than Hispanic Catholics but also tend to be more engaged in other religious activities, including Scripture reading, Bible study groups and sharing their faith.
At the same time, other Hispanics have become religiously unaffiliated — that is, they describe themselves as having no particular religion or say they are atheist or agnostic.
This group exhibits much lower levels of religious observance and involvement than Hispanic Catholics.
In this respect, unaffiliated Hispanics roughly resemble the religiously unaffiliated segment of the general public. Hispanic Catholics are somewhere in the middle. They fall in between evangelicals and the unaffiliated in terms of church attendance, frequency of prayer and the degree of importance they assign to religion in their lives, closely resembling white non-Hispanic Catholics in their moderate levels of religious observance and engagement see Chapter 3.
These three Hispanic religious groups also have distinct social and political views, with evangelical Protestants at the conservative end of the spectrum, the unaffiliated at the liberal end and Hispanic Catholics in between. The survey was conducted May July 28,among a representative sample of 5, Hispanic adults ages 18 and older living in the United States.
The survey was conducted in English and in Spanish on both cellular and landline telephones with a staff of bilingual interviewers. The margin of error for results based on all respondents is plus or minus 2. For more details, see Appendix A: The remainder of this overview discusses the key findings in greater detail, beginning with a deeper look at changes in religious affiliation among Latinos in recent years, which have been concentrated among young and middle-aged adults ages While these shifts are complicated and defy any single, simple explanation, the report examines some potential factors, including patterns in religious switching since childhood, the reasons Latinos most frequently give for changing their religion, areas of agreement and disagreement with the Catholic Church, and the continuing appeal of Pentecostalism.
The report also explores key differences between Latino religious groups, placing Latino Protestants, Catholics and religiously unaffiliated adults on a spectrum in terms of religious commitment, social attitudes and political views.
Broad-Based Changes in Religious Identity The recent changes in religious affiliation are broad-based, occurring among Hispanic men and women, those born in the United States and those born abroad, and those who have attended college as well as those with less formal education. The changes are also occurring among Hispanics of Mexican origin the largest single origin group and those with other origins.
The change, however, has occurred primarily among Hispanic adults under the age of 50, and the patterns vary considerably among different age groups. Among the youngest cohort of Hispanic adults, those agesvirtually all of the net change has been away from Catholicism and toward no religious affiliation.
Among those agesthe net movement has been away from Catholicism and toward both evangelical Protestantism and no religious affiliation. Among Hispanics ages 50 and older, the changes in religious identity are not statistically significant.
For more on religious affiliation, see Chapter 1. Latinos Make Up a Rising Share of Catholics Even though the percentage of Hispanics who identify as Catholic has been declining, Hispanics continue to make up an increasingly large share of U.
Catholics were Hispanic, according to Pew Research surveys. Both trends can occur at the same time because of the growing size of the Hispanic population, which has increased from Indeed, if both trends continue, a day could come when a majority of Catholics in the United States will be Hispanic, even though the majority of Hispanics might no longer be Catholic.
While the decline in Catholic affiliation is occurring among multiple age groups, it is more pronounced among younger generations of Hispanics. Religious Switching Since Childhood The decline in Catholic affiliation among Latinos is due, at least in part, to changes in religious affiliation since childhood.
Catholicism is the only major religious tradition among Latinos that has seen a net loss in adherents due to religious switching. Net gains have occurred among the religiously unaffiliated up 12 percentage points and among Protestants up eight points.
The net gains are about evenly divided between those who have changed to Protestant a net gain of eight percentage points and those who have changed to no religious affiliation a net gain of 10 percentage points.
Among Hispanic immigrants who say their current religion is different from their childhood religion, roughly half say this change occurred after moving to the U.
Born At the same time, a growing share of Hispanics were born in the U. Catholics, by contrast, have had a net loss of 25 percentage points among the native born. For more on religious switching, see Chapter 2. Reasons Given for Switching Religions The new survey asked respondents who have left their childhood religion about the reasons they did so.
Of six possible reasons offered on the survey, two were cited as important by half or more of Hispanics who have changed faiths: For more on the reasons Hispanics give for switching faiths, see Chapter 2. For an analysis of the extent to which childhood Catholics who have switched faiths or become religiously unaffiliated retain vestiges of Catholic beliefs and practices, such as praying to the Virgin Mary and displaying a crucifix or other religious objects in their home, see Chapter 4.Free Hispanic Grant Offers.
The total Hispanic population of the United States now outnumbers that of other minorities, but the percentage of Hispanics that attend college lags behind population numbers.
An additional 8 percent of the two or more races population reported three races and less than 1 percent reported four or more races. Three quarters of multiple race combinations were comprised of four groups in white and black ( million), white and "some other race" ( million), white and Asian ( million), and white and American.
The U.S. Asian population is diverse. A record 20 million Asian Americans trace their roots to more than 20 countries in East and Southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent, each with unique histories, cultures, languages and other characteristics.
On Views of Race and Inequality, Blacks and Whites Are Worlds Apart 1. Demographic trends and economic well-being. In many ways, America remains two societies – one black and one white – as measured by key demographic indicators of social and economic well-being. Company-sponsored groups for parents and caregivers are major sources of help on benefits, childcare, finances and career progress.
HISPANIC AMERICANS. Various Authors. Edited By: R. A. Guisepi. The Story Of Hispanics In The Americas. In the United States, before there was New England, there was New Spain; and before there was Boston, Mass., there was Santa Fe, N.M.