Specific customers served and products or services offered Concern for satisfying multiple stakeholders According to Vern McGinis, a mission should: Define what the company is Define what the company aspires to be Limited to exclude some ventures Broad enough to allow for creative growth Distinguish the company from all others Serve as framework to evaluate current activities Stated clearly so that it is understood by all Developing a Mission Statement Structure of a mission statement The following elements can be included in a mission statement. Their sequence can be different. It is important, however, that some elements supporting the accomplishment of the mission be present and not just the mission as a "wish" or dream.
The formal institutional roles assigned to school boards, and the designated position board members play as representatives of the community, would lead one to believe that the school board has a decisive role in public education policy and school system administration.
In the minds of many lay citizens, school boards have considerable influence over educational decisions and provide a key social and political connection to the schooling process.
Although research has affirmed the important role that local school boards played in implementing educational reforms such as student testing and graduation requirements, some critics have contended the traditional leadership and policymaking roles of local school boards have been compromised by bureaucratic intransigence, a tendency to micromanage school system operations, and divisiveness caused by special interest groups.
While one researcher has suggested that lay control of schools is a myth, others have argued that the school board is essential to ensure the quality of public education services at the local level.
Constitution contains no mention of education. With the federal government limited to those powers either expressly stated or implied in the Constitution, the federal role in public education is secondary to that of the states. Power over public education is as essential an attribute of state sovereignty as that of the power to tax or to provide for the general welfare of the state's citizens.
The state legislative mandate to provide for a system of public schools is found in the state constitution, usually in language requiring a "general," "uniform," "thorough," or "efficient" system of public schools.
Even though power officially resides with the states, concerns about efficiency and local involvement are addressed through the delegation of authority from the legislative branch to the local school board. Although the powers and duties of the local board vary by state jurisdiction, all fifty states except Hawaii have a two-tiered governance structure and provide for local school districts governed by an elected or appointed board.
States also govern through state boards of education, administer through state departments of education, and typically provide for an elected or appointed chief state school officer.
Sources of authority that influence the duties and responsibilities of the local school board include state and federal constitutions, legislative enactments, rules and regulations promulgated by the U.
Department of Education and the state board of education, and legal interpretations by judges, attorneys general, and administrative agencies. A school board functions locally, within the confines of the state's delegation of power and the geographical boundaries of the district, but is a legal agency of the state and thus derives its power from the state's constitution, laws, and judicial decisions.
By state legislative enactment, school boards are delegated power and authority to develop policies, rules, and regulations to control the operation of the schools, including system organization, school site location, school finance, equipment purchase, staffing, attendance, curriculum, extracurricular activities, and other functions essential to the day-to-day operation of schools within the district's boundaries.
Boards may also be authorized by the state legislature to levy taxes, invest resources, initiate eminent domain proceedings, acquire land, and assume bonded indebtedness. School boards are corporate bodies created for the purpose of implementing state legislative policy concerning public schools and locally administering the state's system of public education.
Board members are state officers who act under color of state law when conducting the official business of the state. The exercise of the local board's authority must be predicated upon an express or implied delegation of authority from the legislature and must meet a test of reasonableness that avoids a judicial presumption of arbitrary or capricious action.
Because the authority of the local board lies in its status as a corporate body created by the state legislature, an actual meeting of the board is an essential prerequisite to official action.
Individual board members are not vested with powers outside their role as a member of the local school board, although the board is often vested with power to ratify the actions of its members, agents, or employees if the ratification vote occurs in an official board meeting and is documented in the official minutes of the board.
State and Federal Reform Efforts The states and the federal government increased their visibility in public education policy from the s into the twenty-first century.
The federal role in education was spurred with implementation of the National Defense Education Act of and the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of Federal antidiscrimination policy became a crosscutting social issue for public schools and school districts with the passage of the Civil Rights Act ofTitle IX of the Education Amendments ofand the Rehabilitation Act of Federal entitlements to special education were initiated with the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of Whether in the form of categorical aid designed to meet targeted educational needs or in the form of block grants permitting states discretion in the allocation of funds, federal largess has been influential in shaping educational policy and shifting the locus of control over public schools.
At the same time that the state role in public education expanded to accommodate federal funding initiatives, demands for reform of public school finance systems were being heard in state and federal courts. The Texas school finance system survived a constitutional challenge in the case of San Antonio Independent School District v.
Rodriquez, but judges in state courts showed less deference to the state legislature's authority to construct a school finance scheme and a concomitant willingness to interpret state constitutional provisions as a mandate providing for a system of public education.
State courts in Kentucky, New Jersey, and Texas have been among those adopting an active role in the reform of school finance. With the possibility of litigation mounting in each state, the momentum for finance reform led state legislatures to embrace changes that centralized education governance and restricted the authority and influence of local school boards.
Inprior to the decision in Rodriquez, the U. Supreme Court struck down racial segregation in the Kansas public school system in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. The Brown decision was followed by a series of cases compelling local school district boards to desegregate public schools under consent decrees that were overseen by court-appointed special masters.
As the Supreme Court expanded the desegregation mandate to address the pattern and practice of segregation in school districts throughout the United States, local school districts found their influence diminished and their actions scrutinized by federal courts intent on addressing a history of international segregative practices in America's public schools.
With the publication of A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform, by the National Commission on Excellence in Education, a dramatic escalation of national concern about public education led state and federal policymakers to advocate for quality and to require rigorous testing, higher graduation requirements, and more demanding academic standards.Start studying QUIZ - Chap 1 & 2.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. _____ refers to how well a company is doing reaching its vision, mission, and goals. Select one: a.
Developmental counseling An organization's _____ describes the reasons for an organization's existence. Select one: a. State The Primary Reasons For The Organization S Existence From An Analysis Of The Mission Vision Values And Goals Analyze The Reason For The Type Of Organizational.
Feb 26, · Next, questions regarding the managers’ vision statements focused on the hospital’s state and function and whether the vision was culture-specific, brief, verifiable, focused, flexible, understandable to all employees, and inspirational.
- State the primary reasons for the organization's existence from an analysis of the mission, vision, values, and goals. - Analyze the reason for the type of organizational structure employed by the organization, and identify. A Mission Statement defines the organization's purpose and primary objectives.
Its prime function is internal – to define the key measure or measures of the organization’s success – and its prime audience is the leadership team and stockholders.
State the primary reasons for the organization’s existence from an analysis of the mission, vision, values, and goals of - Answered by a verified Tutor.