Critical and Biographical Studies 1. He was the second child of Lucien Auguste Camus, a military veteran and wine-shipping clerk, and of Catherine Helene Sintes Camus, a house-keeper and part-time factory worker. Shortly after the outbreak of WWI, when Camus was less than a year old, his father was recalled to military service and, on October 11,died of shrapnel wounds suffered at the first battle of the Marne. As a child, about the only thing Camus ever learned about his father was that he had once become violently ill after witnessing a public execution.
Psychoanalyse first started to receive serious attention under Sigmund Freud, who formulated his own theory of psychoanalysis in Vienna in the s. Freud was a neurologist trying to find an effective treatment for patients with neurotic or hysterical symptoms.
He then wrote a monograph about this subject. Charcot had introduced hypnotism as an experimental research tool and developed the photographic representation of clinical symptoms.
Breuer wrote that many factors that could result in such symptoms, including various types of emotional trauma, and he also credited work by others such as Pierre Janet ; while Freud contended that at the root of hysterical symptoms were repressed memories of distressing occurrences, almost always having direct or indirect sexual associations.
It remained unpublished in his lifetime. This became the received historical account until challenged by several Freud scholars in the latter part of the 20th century who argued that he had imposed his preconceived notions on his patients.
Freud formulated his second psychological theory— which hypothesises that the unconscious has or is a "primary process" consisting of symbolic and condensed thoughts, and a "secondary process" of logical, conscious thoughts.
This theory was published in his book, The Interpretation of Dreams. This "topographic theory" is still popular in much of Europe, although it has fallen out of favour in much of North America. Freud and Jung in the center InFreud published Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality  in which he laid out his discovery of so-called psychosexual phases: His early formulation included the idea that because of societal restrictions, sexual wishes were repressed into an unconscious state, and that the energy of these unconscious wishes could be turned into anxiety or physical symptoms.
Therefore, the early treatment techniques, including hypnotism and abreaction, were designed to make the unconscious conscious in order to relieve the pressure and the apparently resulting symptoms.
This method would later on be left aside by Freud, giving free association a bigger role. In On Narcissism  Freud turned his attention to the subject of narcissism.
Still using an energic system, Freud characterized the difference between energy directed at the self versus energy directed at others, called cathexis.
Byin "Mourning and Melancholia", he suggested that certain depressions were caused by turning guilt-ridden anger on the self.
ByFreud addressed the power of identification with the leader and with other members in groups as a motivation for behavior Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego.
Also, it was the first appearance of his "structural theory" consisting three new concepts id, ego, and superego. Hence, Freud characterised repression as both a cause and a result of anxiety.
Inin Inhibitions, Symptoms and Anxiety, Freud characterised how intrapsychic conflict among drive and superego wishes and guilt caused anxietyand how that anxiety could lead to an inhibition of mental functions, such as intellect and speech. According to Freud, the Oedipus complex, was at the centre of neurosis, and was the foundational source of all art, myth, religion, philosophy, therapy—indeed of all human culture and civilization.
It was the first time that anyone in the inner circle had characterised something other than the Oedipus complex as contributing to intrapsychic development, a notion that was rejected by Freud and his followers at the time.D.H. Lawrence (), English novelist, storywriter, critic, poet and painter, one of the greatest figures in 20th-century English literature."Snake" and "How Beastly the Bourgeoisie is" are probably his most anthologized poems.
David Herbert Lawrence was born on September 11, , in Eastwood, Nottinghamshire, central England. What is a Literary Analysis Essay? At one point or another, we have all faced this question.
Regardless of what stage in one’s education that it pops up tackling a literary analysis essay entails the . Criticism of marriage; Children's literature; Effects on society; Embedded feminism; Equality; Female education; Female genital mutilation; Femicide; Feminism in culture.
your writing skills, you will also improve your perceptions and increase your critical abilities.
Writing ultimately boils down to the development of an idea. Your objective in writing a literary analysis essay is to convince the person reading your essay that you have supported the idea you are developing.
Of course, this is writing of a literary analysis essay. Many students do not understand what a literary analysis essay is or how to write an analysis essay. They simply recite novel’s contents or write a couple of words about key characters.
This is a wrong approach! Topics for analysis essay may cover global issues.
Characters and events in the novel may be related to important social issues or historic events. Analysis! Robin Hood The use of a monarchy or kingdom setting in Robin Hood allowed the author to portray the abuses of power that often occur among the wealthiest members of a community.