Print view To write a literature review, you must first decide what form the review will take — descriptive or a critical assessment. You need to look at the relationships between different views and draw out key themes, and you must structure it appropriately. What is a literature review?
What time span of research will you consider? Choose an area of research that is due for a review. What methodologies do they use? Develop a Working Thesis Write a one or two sentence statement summarizing the conclusion you have reached about the major trends and developments you see in the research that has been done on your subject.
Write the Body of the Paper Follow the plan you have developed above, making certain that each section links logically to the one before and after, and that you have divided your sections by themes or subtopics, not by reporting the work of individual theorists or researchers.
This is one of the most common problems with student literature reviews. For example, look at the following two passages and note that Student A is merely describing the literature and Student B takes a more analytical and evaluative approach, by comparing and contrasting. You can also see that this evaluative approach is well signalled by linguistic markers indicating logical connections words such as "however," "moreover" and phrases such as "substantiates the claim that," which indicate supporting evidence and Student B's ability to synthesize knowledge.
Smith concludes that personal privacy in their living quarters is the most important factor in nursing home residents' perception of their autonomy.
He suggests that the physical environment in the more public spaces of the building did not have much impact on their perceptions.
Neither the layout of the building, nor the activities available seem to make much difference. Jones and Johnstone make the claim that the need to control one's environment is a fundamental need of lifeand suggest that the approach of most institutions, which is to provide total care, may be as bad as no care at all.
If people have no choices or think that they have none, they become depressed. After studying residents and staff from two intermediate care facilities in Calgary, Alberta, Smith came to the conclusion that except for the amount of personal privacy available to residents, the physical environment of these institutions had minimal if any effect on their perceptions of control autonomy.
However, French and Haroon found that availability of private areas is not the only aspect of the physical environment that determines residents' autonomy.
Haroon interviewed residents from 32 different nursing homes known to have different levels of autonomy It was found that physical structures, such as standardized furniture, heating that could not be individually regulated, and no possession of a house key for residents limited their feelings of independence.
Moreover, Hopewho interviewed residents from various nursing homes, substantiates the claim that characteristics of the institutional environment such as the extent of resources in the facility, as well as its location, are features which residents have indicated as being of great importance to their independence.
Revising and Editing Your Work Read your work out loud. That way you will be better able to identify where you need punctuation marks to signal pauses or divisions within sentences, where you have made grammatical errors, or where your sentences are unclear Since the purpose of a literature review is to demonstrate that the writer is familiar with the important professional literature on the chosen subject, check to make certain that you have covered all of the important, up-to-date, and pertinent texts.
In the sciences and some of the social sciences it is important that your literature be quite recent; this is not so important in the humanities Make certain that all of the citations and references are correct and that you are referencing in the appropriate style for your discipline.
If you are uncertain which style to use, ask your professor Check to make sure that you have not plagiarized either by failing to cite a source of information, or by using words quoted directly from a source. Usually if you take three or more words directly from another source, you should put those words within quotation marks, and cite the page.Need Help Writing the Literature Review?
VCU's Writing Center consultants can help you plan, develop, and organize your literature review and a follow-up appointment will help you edit, proofread, and revise it. Our professional literature review service offers you the extensive knowledge and assistance you need to help create a literature review that is second to none.
When you need to know how to write literature review, finding the service that meets your needs can prove to be an intimidating process.5/5. Writing a Short Literature Review William Ashton, Ph.D. York College, CUNY A student began a short literature review on the stigma of the mentally ill and.
In the final stage, she needs to write an introductory and concluding paragraph. She wrote the concluding paragraph first.
In this paragraph she needs to overview the paper and make a conclusion. It appears that the mentally ill are rejected because of the public’s fear of the mentally ill.
I also provide links at the end of this guide to resources that you should use in order to search the literature and as you write your review. In addition to using the step-by-step guide that I have provided below, I also recommend that you (a) locate examples of literature reviews in your field of study and skim over these to get a feel for.
How to Write a Literature Review. Depending on the stage at which your paper is at, this may involve merging your literature review into a partially complete Introduction section, writing the rest of the paper around the literature review, or other processes.
1 Ashton, W. Writing a short literature review. [PDF].