There are different professionals who come into school to discuss ways the child with additional needs can be supported. The speech therapist works in partnership with parents, teachers and other professionals involved, to help children develop their communication skills to the best of their ability, and reach potential booth educationally and socially. For some children, particularly those with speech sound difficulties, this may involve weekly sessions for a period of them. For other children, input may be at the level of working with parents and professionals to set appropriate goals and monitor progress.
An understanding of the rapid changes in a child's developmental status prepares parents and caregivers to give active and purposeful attention to the preschool years and to guide and promote early learning that will serve as the foundation for later learning. Understanding child development is an important part of teaching young children.
Developmental change is a basic fact of human existence and each person is developmentally unique. Although there are universally accepted assumptions or principles of human development, no two children are alike. Children differ in physical, cognitive, social, and emotional growth patterns. They also differ in the ways they interact with and respond to their environment as well as play, affection, and other factors.
Some children may appear to be happy and energetic all the time while other children may not seem as pleasant in personality. Some children are active while others are typically quiet. You may even find that some children are easier to manage and like than others. Having an understanding of the sequence of development prepares us to help and give attention to all of these children.
Child Development Development refers to change or growth that occurs in a child during the life span from birth to adolescence.
This change occurs in an orderly sequence, involving physical, cognitive, and emotional development. These three main areas of child development involve developmental changes which take place in a predictable pattern age relatedorderly, but with differences in the rate or timing of the changes from one person to another.
Physical Development Physical development refers to physical changes in the body and involves changes in bone thickness, size, weight, gross motor, fine motor, vision, hearing, and perceptual development.
Growth is rapid during the first two years of life. The child's size, shape, senses, and organs undergo change. As each physical change occurs, the child gains new abilities.
During the first year, physical development mainly involves the infant coordinating motor skills. The infant repeats motor actions which serve to build physical strength and motor coordination. Reflexes Infants at birth have reflexes as their sole physical ability.
A reflex is an automatic body response to a stimulus that is involuntary; that is, the person has no control over this response.
Blinking is a reflex which continues throughout life. There are other reflexes which occur in infancy and also disappear a few weeks or months after birth. The presence of reflexes at birth is an indication of normal brain and nerve development. When normal reflexes are not present or if the reflexes continue past the time they should disappear, brain or nerve damage is suspected.
Some reflexes, such as the rooting and sucking reflex, are needed for survival. The rooting reflex causes infants to turn their head toward anything that brushes their faces.
This survival reflex helps them to find food such as a nipple. When an object is near a healthy infant's lips, the infant will begin sucking immediately. This reflex also helps the child get food. This reflex usually disappears by three weeks of age. The Moro reflex or "startle response" occurs when a newborn is startled by a noise or sudden movement.CHILD AND YOUNG PERSON DEVELOPMENT Introduction Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years to include: (a) physical development (b) communication and intellectual development (c) social, emotional and behavioural development.
Describe the Expected Pattern of Children and Young People’s Development from Birth to 19 Years of 10 on the basis of Review. THE EXPECTED PATTERN OF CHILDREN BETWEEN BIRTH AND 19 YEARS It is important to learn a child’s way of development and physical growing, by a child’s physical development so they can be supported for their individual needs/5(1).
Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years Through a young person’s development, from birth to 19 they are expected to follow a development pattern including physical, social, environmental, behavioural, intellectual and communicational. The main stages of child and young person development From birth through to adulthood children continually grow, develop, and All children and young people follow a similar pattern of development so the order in which each child advances from one milestone to the next will be roughly the same.
However, each child will develop at a different. CHILD AND YOUNG PERSON DEVELOPMENT Introduction Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years to include: (a) physical development (b) communication and intellectual development (c) social, emotional and behavioural development.