Criminal Profiling What is criminal profiling? Criminal profiling is an important part of a criminal psychology.
The origins of offender profiling are unclear. Fries, an obscure author who wrote a handbook on criminal anthropology inrelated the nature of the crime to the personality of the individual. The writings of Arthur Conan Doyle may have been one of the more important springboards in bringing psychological profiling into existence.
It is well known that the Sherlock Holmes series served as the seminal base for many of the modern scientific methods used in criminal investigations.
The first practitioner in modern times was James Brussel, a New York psychiatrist. The profile can also provide information concerning the probable characteristics of any future attacks and the most productive investigative strategies for locating, apprehending, interviewing, and interrogating the offender.
A major advantage of this procedure is that it can be utilized after all other investigative methods have been tried to jump-start the investigation.
This is the case whether it is one crime that remains unsolved or a series of similar crimes.
Utilized in this manner, psychological profiling not only provides additional leads and direction but forces the investigator to re-examine all existing data on the case. The comprehensive review necessary for preparing the profile will in itself sometimes result in the discovery of previously overlooked evidence and investigative leads.
Unfortunately, this advantage can be completely nullified by a poor or incomplete crime scene investigation. The lack of complete crime scene descriptions, sketches, and photographs as well as accurate autopsy results and thorough background investigations of the victim s will severely limit the ability of the profiler to construct a usable description of the perpetrator.
As with all forensic disciplines, the crime scene and its competent analysis are crucial. Although a highly skilled profiler can create an offender profile for any type of offense, offender profiling is typically used when there is little physical evidence that can be used to identify a suspect, when the crime is over the top in unusual methods of commission and appears to be serial in nature, and of course when murder with sexual overtones is involved.
Offender profiling was initially thought to be a panacea, yet significant problems have come to light over the years. Three problems specifically detract from offender profiling being more useful to law enforcement: Racial profiling is based on the biased association of race with certain types of criminal offenses.
The resulting offender profile is so general that it is unnecessary. It does not add anything to what the average police investigator already knows through on-the-job experience; therefore it is unhelpful and wastes both time and money.
Another limiting factor associated with offender profiling is the amount of training and preparation necessary to develop the skills to accurately profile a crime.
The profiler must possess an excellent knowledge of abnormal psychology, human nature, crime scene investigative procedures, and forensic medicine. Although the FBI has expended considerable money and effort on profiling, its success has been somewhat disappointing.Criminal profiling is a highly analytical field, requiring tremendous attention to detail.
It can also be an extremely intellectually stimulating career. Working as a criminal profiler is the perfect criminology career choice for those people interested in studying and analyzing deviant human behavior.
The FBI method of profiling is a system created by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) used to detect and classify the major personality and behavioral characteristics of an individual based upon analysis of the crime or crimes the person committed.
Criminal Profiling Procedures: The case of the "Mad Bomber" Case Description: George Metesky, a disgruntled 28 year-old employee of Consolidated Edison, had been injured while at work (knocked down by a back-draft of gases from a boiler) and believed that the company owed him more money than they had agreed to pay.
PRofiling: Serial Killers. Violent Crimes.
STUDY. PLAY. information is transformed into general description. Victim Profiling. Psychological Profiling. Criminal personality assessment the matching of personality characteristics of certain types of offender with those of a suspect.
Offender profiling, also known as criminal profiling, is an investigative tool used by law enforcement agencies to identify likely suspects and has been used by investigators to link cases that may have been committed by the same perpetrator.
The aim of this paper is to critically review literature of profiling, in consideration to related empirical research, utilisation of offender profiling as investigative tool and its accuracy, reliability and validity in criminal investigations.